More: Glossary

Glossary

Agriculture: an occupation that teaches you how to raise crops, taking care of livestock, or poultry

Algae: eukaryotic organisms that can range from single cell to multiple cells; different from plants because they don't have roots, stems or leaves and they contain chlorophyll

Aquifer: any porous geological formation, such as sand or gravel, where pores are filled with water and they are interconnected, so the water can flow through them to supply wells

Bacteria: unicellular organism formed in a spiral, spherical or rod like in shape; generally live in water, soil or organic matter; used for putrefaction, fermentation, nitrogen fixation etc.

Biodiversity: situation where different varieties of plant and animal species live together in a natural environment or ecosystem

Canal: manmade waterway used for irrigation purposes or navigation etc.

Cavities: hollow spaces

Chemicals: a substance that is used in a chemical process or a substance that is produced by a chemical process

Climate: prevailing weather condition in a region is generally determined by its temperature, humidity, air pressure, precipitation, altitude etc.

Coastline: outline of a coast

Commodity: quantity of goods or raw material of commerce

Community: group of people live in a particular region and they share common interests, such as religion, ethnicity, culture etc.

Conservation: protection, management and preservation of the environment and natural resources

Cholera: infectious intestinal disease in which people have severe diarrhea, cramp and they vomit a lot, endemic in India and China

Controversy: debate or dispute in public when there is a strong disagreement over a matter

Corporation: group of people are authorized to act as a legal body to perform duties and liabilities

Dam: barrier built across a river or stream so it blocks the flow of water

Deforest: to divest or clear of forests or trees

Degradation: situation where land or rocks are worn down due to the effects of erosion on water, ice, or wind

Deplete: to reduce or use up partially or entirely

Development: growth or expansion

Disease: disorder where a part of the body doesn't function properly because of some kind of imbalance, poison, infection or deficiency of nutrients in the body

Drought: situation where there is very little rainfall or dry weather for a long period of time

Economy: management of the resources of a community or a country for its productivity; prosperity of a town or village

Environment: external surroundings such as water, air, organisms in which people work or live

Existence: something that exists and is living

Factor: one of the elements contributing to a particular result or situation

Famine: extreme shortage of food in a country or there is extreme starvation

Farm: big piece of land with a barn or house where people grow crops or raise livestock for livelihood

Fertilizer: substance such as manure or different types of nitrates are added to water or soil to enhance its productivity

Finite: anything having limits; that can be measured

Flood: overflowing of a body of water, especially a river over land which is not usually submerged

Glacier: huge mass of ice that is formed over the years from snow accumulation and is moving slowly

Groundwater: water resulting from rain or melting snow seeps down the earth's surface; source of water in wells and aquifers; water that fills up the porous spaces in rocks, soil and sediments

Health: general condition of body or mind

Hepatitis: enlargement or inflammation of the liver caused by a virus

Herbicides: a substance used to kill weeds in plants or destroy plant growth

Humanity: the human race

Hydropower: generating energy by converting free falling water into electricity

Industry: any commercial enterprise that specializes in a particular product or service and is named after its main product; the automotive industry

Irrigation: the artificial application of water to land to assist in the production of crops

Labor: situation where people working on wages, doing productive activity for economic profit

Life: state of a living organism that can reproduce, grow, adapt to environment which differentiates them from inorganic objects and dead organisms

Malaria: an infectious disease which is caused by mosquito bites. The symptoms of malaria are: high fever, chills and a lot of sweating

Overpopulation: situation where too many people in an area

Particle: really tiny piece of matter, speck, a very small amount

Pesticide: a chemical preparation for destroying plant, fungal, or animal pests

Pollution: situation of adding unhealthy substances into the environment

Populace: the common people of a place or community

Radioactivity: state where the atomic nuclei of some elements emit radiation spontaneously due to the disintegration of the nuclei

Rainforest: tropical forest where you find tall trees, leaves are very broad, trees are evergreen and annual rainfall is very high

Regulation: law or rule; a governmental order

Resource: source of economic wealth such as mineral, land, which can be used when needed

Rural: living in place, associated with agriculture

Sanitation: cleanliness and hygiene

Scarcity: short amount of supply

Sewage: industrial waste carried by sewers or drains

Soot: black, carbonated substance formed by pollution-causing substances

Source: place where something comes from

Sustain: carry or bear through

Taboo: word or phrase marked improper by society

Toxic: dangerous or lethal

Urban: living in a place, associated with buildings

Waste: to use up without reason or results

Water: the drink of life

Wetland: damp land and soil

Wildlife: situation where animals live in a wild environment where nothing is controlled

References

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